The field of Cultural Studies was first developed at the University of Birmingham in England in the 1960s. It's earliest proponent was the black sociologist Stuart Hall, later to be followed by notable critical theorists like Paul Willis. Its premise was that the Marxist category of Class which had dominated all social theorising for the previous century failed to account for the diverse aspects of oppression that were comng to light through the evolving process of anti-colonialism that had been gaining ground following the Second World War. Newly emerging movements of Feminism, Black Power and Popular Culture (exemplified in Britain itself by the Beatles and theother working class proponents of the Liverpool Sound, Coronation Street, as well as in the works of the "Kitchen Sink" writers like Osborne, Sillitoe, Delaney, Braine, Barstow and others). In the United States the movement developed out of the Civil Rights Movement. Within this overall and diverse range of issues, it's chief engagement was with Anti-colonialism, heavily influenced by the writings of Frantz Fanon and others. This aspect of the movement has also helped initiate and influence yet wider fields of resistance - Indigenous Studies, Gender Studies, Anti-Racism Queer Studies and has consequently become closely identified with identity politics and cultural self-determination.
The articles listed below cover a wide range of fields, though primarily are set in a New Zealand context and interrogate the relationship between the indigenous maori populatito the Pakeha community through the Treaty of Waitangi.